Testosterone Pellets: Low-Maintenance Testosterone TherapyAugust 1, 2023
In recent years, advancements in genetic science have brought about a revolution in the way we understand our heritage, health, and relationships. DNA testing has become a commonplace tool for uncovering hidden truths about our ancestry and biological connections. From exploring family origins to confirming paternity, DNA testing offers a lot of valuable insights.
Whether you are looking for legal documentation of paternity or are just curious about our own genetics, read on to see what to expect with DNA testing.
Chain of Custody DNA Testing
In legal terms, “chain of custody” refers to the fact that the whereabouts of a sample or piece of evidence are always documented and accounted for. When it comes to DNA testing, “chain of custody” means there is a documented trail that records the handling, transfer, and storage of the DNA samples from the moment they are collected until they are analyzed.
This approach to DNA testing is designed to maintain the integrity and authenticity of the samples throughout the process. As such, chain of custody DNA testing is the mandatory method when it comes to presenting documented paternity in a legal setting.
Who needs to be tested?
When it comes to DNA paternity tests—a Standard Trio Paternity test provides the strongest case for use in the courts. This involves testing the child, mother, and alleged father.
The mother’s participation, while not always mandatory in chain of custody DNA testing, is highly encouraged because it allows technicians to identify the DNA she has passed along to the child and determines the remaining DNA as that of the father. This makes the results more accurate, reliable, and definitive.
Individuals who are tested will also need to present a government-issued ID that will be photocopied and/or photographed so that the third-party tester can positively identify them. Each client will also need to sign a Client Identification and Consent Form.
How is the sample collected?
In this method of DNA testing, DNA samples are collected through a cheek swab by a neutral and trusted third-party medical professional using a DNA Diagnostics Center kit. The collection is done under strict supervision to ensure the samples are not tampered with or contaminated. The kit may not be in the possession of the person(s) being tested prior to or after the sample is collected.
What is the testing process and when will I receive results?
Once collected, the samples are packaged securely and transported to the laboratory. In the lab, the samples undergo rigorous testing, with a focus on accuracy and validity. The results are released via a secure online portal as soon as they are finalized (often within 1-2 business days), and legal documentation is mailed to those who were tested.
Because of the strict and meticulously documented procedures, the results are provided with a high level of confidence and are legally defensible. As such, they are admissible in court and can be used for legal proceedings such as custody or child support cases.
Home DNA Testing
Home DNA testing—sometimes referred to as non-chain-of-custody testing—is often the better option for those who are looking to use the results for personal validation rather than in a legal setting.
How is the sample collected?
This method provides the same level of accuracy in terms of determining paternity, but it doesn’t adhere to the strict protocols required for legal acceptance. DNA samples are collected by the patients themselves using an at-home kit and cheek swab. The samples are then submitted to the laboratory for careful analysis.
What is the testing process and when will I receive my results?
Once the submitted samples have been professionally reviewed, the patient can view the results online via a secured portal.
Because there is no way to monitor the collection of the sample or its travel to the laboratory, at-home DNA testing can’t be used to claim paternity in a legal setting. However, it can still provide results for those who are looking for personal knowledge, doing family history research, or establishing familial relationships in a non-legal setting.
When it comes to understanding what to expect with DNA testing, you need to first consider your reasons for seeking the test. If legal validity is essential, chain of custody testing is the better option, ensuring that the results can be used in court.
On the other hand, if you’re exploring your family history or simply seeking personal knowledge about your own genetics, home testing might provide the flexibility and privacy you desire.
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